Virtualmin is an advanced web hosting control panel that is very flexible and powerful for Linux and UNIX systems. It is based on the well-known Open Source web-based system management, Webmin. It is a Webmin module for managing multiple virtual hosts, multiple virtual domains, mailboxes, databases, applications, and the entire server, from one comprehensive and single friendly web interface.
Virtualmin is an excellent alternative to cPanel and Plesk, with the same administrative structure based on user root, resellers, and customers. Virtualmin supports the account creation and management of Apache virtual hosts, BIND DNS domains, MySQL database. VirtualMin also provides functions for non-root users to manage their hosting account. In this article, i will show the steps to install Virtualmin on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 / Oracle Linux 7. Steps maybe similar to older version of linux distribution.
There are two versions of Virtualmin exist:
- Virtualmin GPL is a free and the open source version. (Discussed in this article)
- Virtualmin Pro is a the commercial version of Virtualmin.
This tutorial assumes the following:
- You have setup minimal installation for CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 / Oracle Linux 7.
- You are running with root access.
- If you are running as a normal user, you must have privileged access (sudo).
Install Virtualmin on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 / Oracle Linux 7
1. It is recommended to install Virtualmin on the fresh server to avoid conflict when you start the installation. You need to update the system to ensure that we have all the latest software installed.
To update, run the following command :
# yum update -y
2. Download the VirtualMin installer into current directory:
# wget http://software.virtualmin.com/gpl/scripts/install.sh
3. Make the install.sh file executable :
# chmod +x install.sh
4. start the installation :
The systems currently supported by install.sh are: CentOS/RHEL/Scientific Linux 7 on x86_64 CentOS and RHEL 5-6 on i386 and x86_64 Scientific Linux 6 on i386 and x86_64 Debian 6, 7, and 8 on i386 and amd64 Ubuntu 10.04 LTS, 12.04 LTS, and 14.04 LTS on i386 and amd64 Amazon Linux 2012.03 on i386 and x86_64 FreeBSD 7.0 and 8 on i386 and amd64
If your OS is not listed above, this script will fail. More details about the systems supported by the script can be found here:
# ./install.sh Checking for Perl found Perl at /usr/bin/perl Welcome to the Virtualmin GPL installer, version 1.1.2 WARNING: The installation is quite stable and functional when run on a freshly installed supported Operating System. If you have existing websites, email users, or if you manually installed Virtualmin via a Webmin 'wbm' module, you are likely to run into problems. Please read the Virtualmin Administrators Guide before proceeding if your system is not a freshly installed and supported OS. This script is not intended to update your system! It should only be used to perform your initial Virtualmin installation. If you have previously run the Virtualmin installer, you can perform upgrades and updates from within Virtualmin itself, or using your system's package manager. Once Virtualmin is installed, you never need to run this script again. The systems currently supported by install.sh are: CentOS/RHEL/Scientific Linux 7 on x86_64 CentOS and RHEL 5-6 on i386 and x86_64 Scientific Linux 6 on i386 and x86_64 Debian 6, 7, and 8 on i386 and amd64 Ubuntu 10.04 LTS, 12.04 LTS, and 14.04 LTS on i386 and amd64 Amazon Linux 2012.03 on i386 and x86_64 FreeBSD 7.0 and 8 on i386 and amd64 If your OS is not listed above, this script will fail. More details about the systems supported by the script can be found here: http://www.virtualmin.com/os-support.html Continue? (y/n) y Checking for HTTP client...found /usr/bin/curl -s -O Checking for perl...found /usr/bin/perl Loading log4sh logging library... INFO - Started installation log in /root/virtualmin-install.log INFO - Checking for fully qualified hostname... INFO - Hostname OK: fully qualified as centos71.ehowstuff.local INFO - Installing serial number and license key into /etc/virtualmin-license INFO - Loading OS selection library... INFO - Download of http://software.virtualmin.com/lib/oschooser.pl Succeeded. INFO - Loading OS list... INFO - Download of http://software.virtualmin.com/lib/os_list.txt Succeeded. INFO - Operating system name: CentOS Linux INFO - Operating system version: 7.1.1503 INFO - Configuring package manager for CentOS Linux 7.1.1503... INFO - Disabling SELinux during installation... /usr/sbin/setenforce: SELinux is disabled INFO - setenforce 0 failed: 1 INFO - Download of http://software.virtualmin.com/gpl/rhel/7.1.1503/x86_64/virtualmin-release-latest.noarch.rpm Succeeded. warning: virtualmin-release-latest.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID a0bdbcf9: NOKEY INFO - Succeeded. INFO - Installing dependencies using command: /usr/bin/yum -y -d 2 install bind bind-utils caching-nameserver httpd postfix spamassassin procmail perl-DBD-Pg perl-DBD-MySQL quota iptables openssl python mailman subversion mysql mysql-server mysql-devel mariadb mariadb-server postgresql postgresql-server rh-postgr esql rh-postgresql-server logrotate webalizer php php-xml php-gd php-imap php-mysql php-odbc php-pear php-pgsql php-snmp php-xmlrpc php-mbstring mod_perl mod _python cyrus-sasl dovecot spamassassin mod_dav_svn cyrus-sasl-gssapi mod_ssl ruby ruby-devel rubygems perl-XML-Simple perl-Crypt-SSLeay mlocate perl-LWP-Pro tocol-https .. .. ..
5. Once the install.sh script complete, you have to login to web management console :
a) Once you login you will be prompted with a Post Setup Wizard. Click Next.
b) You will be prompted if you would like to pre-load certain libraries. Click Yes and then Next.
c) You will be prompted if you would like to run ClamAV virus scanner on your server. It is suggested that you select Yes and click Next.
d) You will be prompted if you would like to run the SpamAssassin e-mail spam scanner. If you are not running e-mail services it is not necessary to run this. However if you are hosting e-mail it is highly advised. Click Yes and Next if you are going to use SpamAssassin, otherwise click Next.
e) Next you will be prompted if you would like to run MySQL and/or PostgreSQL servers. This is entirely up to you as to which database servers you will provide to your customers (if any). Select your options and click Next. You will be prompted on the following screens for password information.
f) Once finished, you will be presented with an ‘All Done’ page. Click Next.
g) Once the main page loads you will need to reload your configuration. Click the Re-check and refresh configuration button in the yellow box.
I hope this article gives you some ideas and essential guidance on how to install Virtualmin on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 / Oracle Linux 7.